Preperation of organic growth promoter
Kudumbam are Promoting Organic Farming
Kudumbam are encouraging farmers to do agriculture with respect for the local ecology and biodiversity. In organic farming there is no use of synthetic pesticides; such as insecticides, herbicides, fungicides, chemical fertilizers, chemically treated or genetically modified seeds. Instead different organic inputs may be prepared and applied for fertilization and pest control. Farmers are encouraged to utilize animal wastes, plant residues, green crops and approved mineral inputs or preparations like panchagavya, amrut pani, EM and other organic concoctions, which supply beneficial microorganisms and needed nutrients. For managing insects that are causing a problem to farm cultivation, the use of botanical insect repellants, neem extracts, trap crops, mixed cropping, crop rotation, etc., is supported. In organic farming the seeds, seedlings/saplings should preferable be indigenous. When the seed material is self-grown the farmers regain the control over their own production.
Ramamoorthi is a small scale farmer that has shifted from conventional to organic farming, in order to be able to live of his land in spite of the drought. Instead of chemical fertilisers he is now using Panchakavya, an organic fertiliser made from cow dung, cow urine, milk, ghee and curd. He is also applying vermi-compost and Azolla on his fields. All these organic inputs are increasing the soil
fertility and moisture retention capacity. To control the pest Ramamoorthi is using herb extracts. Another important method in pest control is the cultivation of intercrops such as cowpea to benefit the natural predators of pest.
Ramamoorthi tells about the preparation of paddy seeds; before sowing the seeds are mixed with bacteria that increase the nutrient availability in the soil, and protects the seed and plant against pest infection. Another adaption to the new climatic condition is that Ramamoorthi cultivates new, more drought tolerant, crops such as ground nut, cow pea and sesame.
When talking about the benefits of organic cultivation, Ramamoorthi is explaining that besides the benefits regarding health and ecology, his economy has improved. The costs of inputs are lower and he can get a higher price when selling his products. He is also able to collect his own seeds, and experiences the soil as much easier to plough.
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